Rabu, 28 Maret 2012

Descriptive Text

Descriptive Text

 Karangan deskripsi/  pengambaran
Tujuan komunikatif teks :
Teks ini menggambarkan ciri- ciri seseorang, suatu benda /tempat secara khusus atau tertentu.
Structure Umum Teks:
Ø  Identification (Pengenalan subjek); pada paragraph ini berisi pengenalan secara umum tentang subjek yang akan digambarkan.
Ø  Description (Penggambaran); pada paragraph ini berisi tentang ciri- ciri subjek misalnya tampilan fisik, kualitas, perilaku dan sifat- sifat khusus / menonjol yang dimiliki pada suatu benda, orang atau tempat.

Ciri Kebahasaan:
§  Pada penggambaran ini memiliki kata benda tertentu/ jelas contoh: my motorcycle, my cat, my new friend; tapi jika (motorcycle, cat, new friend dll) tidak boleh.
§  Benda yang digambarkan bersifat unik atau yang agak berbeda dari benda-benda yang lainnya, dan dalam penggambarannya lebih menonjolkan sisi perbedaan dari yang lain. Contoh: my dog doesn’t like bones.
§  Pada penggambaran ini tenses yangdigunakan adalah ‘simple present’ misalnya; I live in a simple apartment; the house is very beautiful; it has a wonderful view.
§  Penggunaan Detailed’ noun phrase’ untuk melukiskan sesuatu secara rinci/ detail; misalnya I have a white skinned boy friend, dsb.

§  Menggunakan berbagai macam adjectives (kata sifat), yang bersifat describing (menggambarkan), numbering (menerangkan jumlah), dan classifying (mengklasifikasikan): misalnya 2 strong hands.
§  Menggunakan thinking verb dan ‘feeling verb’ yang digunakan untuk mengungkapkan pendapat pribadi penulis tentang subjek yang digambarkan.
§  Menggunakan action verb misalnya: my cat eats mouse; she likes to eat banana dsb.
§  Menggunakan bahasa’ figurative’ seperti simile, metaphor, misalnya; Wati is white as chalk; her hair is blonde as silver.

B.  Referensi:
Jenis teks ini sering kita jumpai dalam kehidupan sehari-hari. Kita biasanya menemukan teks jenis ini pada; travel guide, brosur hotel, iklan, ; deskripsi tentang seseorang; suatu kota; dan binatang kesayangan; description juga bisa melekat pada teks jenis lain seperti narrative, recount, biography, dsb.

Welcome To Sidney

Sydney is Australia’s oldest, largest, and liveliest state capital with a population of over 3,000,000. It is a colorful modern city but it has also a natural beauty with green parkland and perhaps the world’s most beautiful deep- water harbour.
As well as being famous for its modern buildings and roads, there are many places of historical interest in Sydney. For example, Mrs. Macquarie’s chair, the area called the rocks dating back to the early nineteenth century, and the attractive terrace houses of Paddington, are all close to the harbour and the city centre.
Sydney has many attractions which tourists can enjoy – surf beaches, a zoo, koala Bear Park, and an opera house which is situated at the water’s edge. For further entertainment, there is a wide variety of restaurants, theaters, night clubs, sports and social clubs.
Sydney has a very pleasant, temperate climate. The average temperature in summer is 21.7 C, and in winter 12.6 C.
There are few places in the world where a visitor can find such a rich variety of natural and historical beauty, entertainment and culture. Ask any Sydneysider about his city and he’ll say there’s no place like it.

Taken from genres and register riyadi santosa. 


Contoh 1 :
 
Welcome To Sidney

Sydney is Australia’s oldest, largest, and liveliest state capital with a population of over 3,000,000. It is a colorful modern city but it has also a natural beauty with green parkland and perhaps the world’s most beautiful deep- water harbour.
As well as being famous for its modern buildings and roads, there are many places of historical interest in Sydney. For example, Mrs. Macquarie’s chair, the area called the rocks dating back to the early nineteenth century, and the attractive terrace houses of Paddington, are all close to the harbour and the city centre.
Sydney has many attractions which tourists can enjoy – surf beaches, a zoo, koala Bear Park, and an opera house which is situated at the water’s edge. For further entertainment, there is a wide variety of restaurants, theaters, night clubs, sports and social clubs.


 Contoh 2:
Beach Volleyball
General Classification
Beach volleyball began in California in 1950. At the time some people who had a vacation at the beach came up with an idea. They put up a piece of rope as a net and played volleyball. Shortly afterwards, many women and men liked to play it. Therefore, in 1985 the Volleyball Federation recognized it, and in the following year it organized an international beach volleyball competition in Rio de Jeneiro, Brazil.
Description
Beach volleyball and traditional volleyball look the same but actually they are different. What are the similarities and differences between them? The similarities are as follows. Games must be played on the courts of the same size, and they also have nets. The techniques of playing the games are almost the same. Every set of each game consists of 15 points. However, traditional volleyball has more players than beach volleyball. That is, it has 6 players while beach volleyball has only 2 players in each team. Besides, traditional volleyball can be played in a stadium, a sport hall, or anywhere outside. Beach volleyball is only played on the sand at the beach.
In Indonesia beach volleyball has begun to be more popular and interesting recently. International competitions have been held in several places such as Bali, Lombok, and Jakarta (Ancol). However, it should be introduced and developed further in other areas in Indonesia, especially areas of beautiful beaches like Maluku, Sulawesi, and Irian Jaya.
Source: Latihan Ujian Nasinal Paket 7, Jeta English Class

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