Wednesday, 28 March 2012

Narrative Text

Narrative Text (Dongeng atau cerita narasi)
a. Tujuan Komunikatif teks:
            Teks ini digunakan untuk menghibur pendengar atau pembaca (dengan sebuah cerita tentang pengalaman nyata, khayal atau peristiwa pelik yang mengarah suatu krisis atau kejadian dan berakhir dengan suatu penyelesaian cerita tersebut).
b. Struktur umum teks:
v  Orientation (Pengenalan); paragraph untuk menjelaskan tokoh, waktu, dan tempat.
v  Complication ( permasalahan); paragraph untuk pengembangan konflik.
v  Resolution (penyelesaian); paragraph untuk menjelaskan terpecahkanya masalah.
c. Ciri Kebahasaan.
v  Menggunakan Nouns dan Pronouns tertentu; misalnya king, princess, stepsisters, houseworek, dsb.
v  Menggunakan Specific Participant yaitu pelaku yang bersifat tertentu/ khusus; misalnya Cinderella, Aladdin, the Crazy man.
v  Menggunakan Adjectives yang berguna untuk membentuk noun phrase, misalnya ; beautiful white skinned lady ; two crazy men.
v  Menggunakan Time connectives dan conjunctions untuk mengurutkan kejadian atau peristiwa, misalnya then, when, suddenly, dsb.
v  Menggunakan Adverbs dan adverbial phrases untuk menunjukkan lokasi kejadian atau peristiwa, misalnya here, there, at home; in yhe jungle, very carefully, happly ever after, dsb.
v  Menggunakan Action verbs dalam bentuk past tense; lived, climbed, drank.
v  Menggunakan Saying verbs yang menandai ucapan misalnya; said, told, promised; dan thinking verb yang menandai pikiran, presepsi ataupun perasaan tokoh, misalnya thought, fell, dsb.
d. Referensi:
            Kita biasanya menemukan teks jenis ini pada: dongeng, cerita rakyat, cerpen, novel, dll.
Catatan penting: Narrative juga terbagi dalam berbagai jenis diantaranya: Legend (Legenda), Fable (Kisah dengan tokoh hewan), Myth (mitos), Fairy Tale (cerita yang biasanya berlatar kerajaan/dunia peri) contoh: Cinderella, Snow White.

 Contoh Narrative Text

I Would Do It for Love
Once upon a time in a far away land, lived two families called the Darlan family and the Meissner family. The Darlan family had a daughter named Naya, while the Meissner family had a son named Arman. Naya and Arman had been friends since childhood and had lived in the country side for sixteen years of their life.
Unfortunately, one day, the Darlan family was called upon by the king as the family's men were very fine blacksmiths. The Darlan family had to move to the town because of the Kings demand. So Naya and Arman for the first time said goodbye to each other. Secretly, Arman vowed to work hard so that he could also work in town and finally meet Naya again.
Two years later, Arman had mastered some skills he thought he could put in good use in the town. Fulfilling his promise, he traveled to town and started to search for Naya. It was not a hard task, Naya's father had been granted the title of Duke by the King! Hurriedly, he visited Naya's own castle, but to his dismay, Naya did not want to meet him. "Maybe she is busy," he said to himself.
His determination to meet Naya did not waver, Arman found work as a builder in town. Each day, after work he would visit Naya's castle, but each day Naya refused to meet him. A few weeks passed by, Arman became sick, sick because he could not meet the childhood friend he so dearly loved. He had abandoned his work, making his friends he made at the working place concerned.
"Go and meet him once again Arman! Maybe this time you will be in luck!" said one.
"No. Maybe I was putting too much hope for her to love me. After all, we were just childhood friends."
His friends decided to visit Naya's castle themselves, to tell her that Arman his childhood friend, who fell in love with her is in an ill state. To their surprise, Naya agreed to meet them and heared that Arman was sick.
"Tell him to go to the forest and find a wooden house," said Naya.
"And after that? What should he do my Lady?" asked one of Arman's friend.
"He will find the answer once he finds the house," answered Naya mysteriously.
The friends came back to Arman and told him about the happy news. Arman suddenly stood up from his bed and felt refreshed as though nothing has happened before.
The next day Arman journeyed to the forest and found the wooden house Naya had mentioned. An old lady, with hideous boils on her face, crooked body, and white tangled hair that was very filthy greeted Arman.
"Excuse me, is Lady Naya here? She told me to come here," asked Arman.
"No, Lady Naya is not here. But she left a message I must tell you," said the old lady with a croaky voice.
"What is it?"
"She said, if you really love her, you must prove it. And to prove it, you must marry me!"
Because of his love, the love he had felt since childhood for Naya, Arman did not hesitate to answer.
"If that is what she wants, I would do it. I would do it for love!"
Suddenly, the old lady wailed and ran towards a small lake in front of the house. She bathed her face with water and to Arman's surprise, it was Nayna staring back at him. She had cleaned the make up she was wearing and pulled of the wig she also wore to disguise herself as an old lady.
"Arman, I was only testing you. And now I know what I must do. I will share the rest of my life with you. Because, because I would do it for love!"
Arman was very happy that Naya had the same feelings for him. And so, they lived happily ever after.
Moral value: True love is very hard to find, to show it is even harder.

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